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Akaflieg Vampyr, Germany, 1923 , Soaring glider 



Kermer Vienna, Austria, 1923 , Soaring plane 



Mösch, Germany, 1926 , Glider for basic flight instruction 


The Mösch ("MOSH") was a typical gleider for basic flight instruction of the years between the wars.


Poppenhausen, Germany, 1926 , Glider for basic flight instruction 


The Poppenhausen 1926 design was similar to the light gliders of that days, but it was larger and capable of carrying two persons.


Stamer Lippisch Zögling, Germany, 1926 , Training glider 


The Zögling was a simple lightweight glider for basic flight instruction. It was designed to start with rubber ropes, a common way to start a glider in the years short after WWI. It was designed by Alexander Lippisch who became famous by his design Messer- schmitt Me 163 Komet, a rocket drive flying wing.


DFS Hangwind, Germany, 1927 , Glider for basig fligt instruction 


The Hangwind was a glider for basic flight instruc- tion. A interesting detail of this construction is the twin-boom tail.


Lippisch Falke RVa, Germany, 1929 , Soaring plane 



Riedel PR 2 Rhönbaby, Germany, 1929 , Soaring plane 



Hi II, Germany, 1930 , Training glider 



DFS Einheitsschulflugzeug, Germany, 1931 , Glider for basic flight training 


The Einheitsschulflugzeug (standard flight trainer) was a design for basic flight training, similar to the majority of gliders of that days. The tail could be folded so the plane consumed less space in storage.


Avia 40 P, Czech Republic, 1932 , Soaring plane 



DFS Rhönadler, Germany, 1932 , High performance soaring plane 



Grunau Baby, Germany, 1932 , Soaring plane 



DFS Hol's der Teufel, Germany, 1933 , Training glider 


This was a simple glider for basic flight instruction It was designed for being launched by rubber ropes. The name ("To hell with it!") was cited from nameless pilot students who had to do their first flights. It was single seat - so there was no room for a flight instructor. To hell with it!


DFS Rhönbussard, Germany, 1933 , Soaring plane 



Elsnic EL 2 M Sedy VLK, Czech Republic, 1933 , Glider 



Harz 33, Germany, 1933 , Training glider 


The Harz 33 was a simple glider for basic flight instruction. It was designed for being lauched by rubber ropes.


Akaflieg München Mü 10 Milan, Germany, 1934 , High Performance Glider 


The Milan was 1934 one of the first german two-seater high performance gliding airplanes. It had a steel tube frame and was developed by Egon Scheibe, who later became well-known for glider design.


Hirth Grunau Baby II B, Germany, 1934 , Soaring plane 



Grunau G 9 "Schädelspalter", Germany, 1934 , Glider 



Hütter H 17, Germany, 1934 , Soaring plane 



Raab-Katzenstein RK 26 Tigerschwalbe, Sweden, 1934 , Soaring plane 



Schulz FS 3 Besenstiel, Germany, 1934 , Training Glider 



DFS Rhönsperber, Germany, 1935 , High performance soaring plane 



Göppingen Gö 1 Wolf, Germany, 1935 , Soaring plane 



Akaflieg München Mü 13 D Atalante, Germany, 1936 , High performance soaring plane 



Akaflieg Stuttgart Phönix, Germany, 1936 , Soaring glider 



Clarke Glider, United Kingdom, 1936 , Gliding plane 



DFS Kranich, Germany, 1936 , Two seat soaring plane 



Göppingen Gö 3 Minimoa, Germany, 1936 , High performance soaring plane 



Rotter Nemere, Hungary, 1936 , Olympic soaring plane 


The Nemere had ailerons which could be controlled in flight to vary the airfoil, with the intent of applying slight "negative flap" effect in inter-thermal cruise. With its high wing loading (for the era) it was designed specifically for thermal-based cross-country flights. The design work was started in January 1936 by Lajos Rotter (pilot and aircraft designer) to be ready for the anticipated glider demonstration program at the Berlin Olympics. First flight took place on July 27, 1936. Without any soaring flights, it was taken to Berlin. On August 12, Rotter declared a 326.5 km goal flight to Kiel, which was completed in 3h 53'. It was the longest goal flight by any sailplane at that time, and the longest distance flight of 1936. Still during the Olympics, P. Nannini flew the Italian altitude record with the Nemere. [Ivan Jaszlics]


Avia XV A, Czech Republic, 1937 , Soaring plane 



DFS 230, Germany, 1937 , Transport glider 


Designed at the DFS by Hans Jacobs, it was a glider for paratrooper assault operations, like the british Horsa. Until 1944 some 1600 have been build.


Göppingen Gö 5, Germany, 1937 , Soaring plane 



Grassi, France, 1937 , Experimental soaring plane 



Haelicht, France, 1937 , Soaring plane 



Vrabac, , 1938 , Glider 



Asagio, Italy, 1938 , Glider 



Caproni Vizzolo, Italy, 1938 , Segelflugzeug 



DFS 108 Weihe, Germany, 1938 , High performance soaring plane 



Horten H III, Germany, 1938 , Flying wing soaring plane 



Stamer Lippisch Schulgleiter SG 38, Germany, 1938 , Glider for basic flight instruction 


The Schulgleiter 38 was the standard for the basic flight instruction of the Luftwaffe student pilots. It had the basic design from the gliders typical for the years between the wars.


Rubik Aero Ever KFT R-07a Tücsöl, Hungary, 1938 , Basic Instruction Glider 


Designed to replace the aging Zögling primary gliders. First flight: March 20, 1938. 178 Tücsök gliders were built in the 1938-1944 period by Ernö Rubik's Aero-Ever Kft. Its somewhat larger sister machine, the R-07b Vöcsök was more appreciated by pilots and generally displaced the Tücsök. [Ivan Jaszlics]


Snellen V 20, Netherlands, 1938 , Soaring airplane 




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The Virtual Aviation Museum
european aviation history on the Internet
Thomas Wilberg ©

TW/01/04/06 09:57:39