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Armstrong Whitworth AW 41 Albemarle, United Kingdom, 1939 , Bomber and Transport / Tug for combat gliders 


The Albemarle was one of the typical mid size bombers of that days. In that time a considerable shortage on a numer of materials was suffered, so the design came along mostly with steel and wood. Besides it's roles as a bomber and tactical reconnaissance plane, several other roles have been covered.


Avro 679 Manchester, United Kingdom, 1939 , Medium bomber 


The Manchester followed the same design specs as the Halifax. It was fitted with the brand new (X-) Vulture engine. It proofed to be unreliable so the Manchester was no successful design. But it was a predecessor to the successful Lancaster bomber. 202 were build.


Fokker G 1 A Jachtkruiser, Netherlands, 1939 , Heavy fighter aircraft 



Focke Wulf FW 190 A-8 Würger, Germany, 1939 , Fighter 



Henschel Hs 129, Germany, 1939 , Ground attack plane 



Junkers Ju 88 A-1, Germany, 1939 , medium-size bomber 


The JU 88 was the standard attack aircraft of the WW II Luftwaffe. It was in use in various roles like bomber, dive bomber, ground attack, reconnaisance, etc. during the whole war. It's crews did like it because it was fast, reliable and quite maneuverable.


K+W C 3602, Switzerland, 1939 , Ground Attack Aircraft 



Martin 167 Maryland, USA, 1939 , Tactical reconnaissance, bomber 



North American A 36 Apache (inof.: Invader), USA, 1939 , Ground support aircraft 



North American NA 39, USA, 1939 , Combat aircraft 



Aichi D 3 A Val, Japan, 1940 , Torpedo bomber 



Arado Ar 196 A3, Germany, 1940 , Naval reconnaissance- and combat aircraft 



Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter TF Mk X, United Kingdom, 1940 , Fighter bomber, torpedo bomber 



Curtiss SB2C Helldiver, USA, 1940 , Carrier based scout bomber 



De Havilland DH 98 Mk IV Mosquito, United Kingdom, 1940 , Bomber, tactical reconnaissance and pathfinder 



Douglas A 20 G Havoc, USA, 1940 , Mid-size bomber 



Douglas Boston, USA, 1940 , Mid-size bomber 



Douglas A 33, USA, 1940 , Attack aircraft 



Douglas A 24, USA, 1940 , Dive Bomber 



Douglas TBD 1 Devastator, USA, 1940 , Torpedo bomber 



Fairey Barracuda Mk II, United Kingdom, 1940 , Carrier based torpedo bomber / dive bomber 



Fieseler FI 103 V1 / Reichenberg, Germany, 1940 , Flying bomb 


The V1 was an unmanned aircraft, controlled by an automatic system, armed with a warhead. Its purpose was to attack targets in large numbers and demora- lize civilians. It was the "grandfather" of the cruise missiles of today.


Grumman TBM 3 / TBF Avenger, USA, 1940 , Carrier based torpedo bomber 



Hawker Typhoon, United Kingdom, 1940 , Fighter bomber 



Heinkel He 118, Germany, 1940 , Combat aircraft 



Heinkel He 177 A Greif, Germany, 1940 , Heavy Bomber 



Iljushin Il 2 Shturmovik "Bark", Russia, 1940 , Ground attack aircraft 



Martin B 26 Marauder, USA, 1940 , Medium size bomber 



Messerschmitt Me 109 F4, Germany, 1940 , Fighter bomber 



North American P 64, USA, 1940 , Fighter Bomber 



Petljakov Pe 2, Russia, 1940 , Combat aircraft 



Republic P 47 N Thunderbolt, USA, 1940 , Fighter Bomber 


(Drawing is a P47C)


Tupolev Tu 2, Russia, 1940 , Attack aircraft 



Bell P 63 A Kingcobra, USA, 1941 , Fighter bomber 



Brewster SB2A Buccaneer, Australia, 1941 , Carrier based scout-bomber 



Dornier Do 215, Germany, 1941 , Bomber 



Dornier Do 217 E-2, Germany, 1941 , Medium bomber 



Grumman F 7 F Tigercat, USA, 1941 , Carrier based fighter bomber 



Jermolajew Jer 2 (DB 240), Russia, 1941 , Bomber 



Junkers Ju 188, Germany, 1941 , Medium Bomber 



Messerschmitt Bf 109 G6, Germany, 1941 , Fighter 



Morane Saulnier MS 506 C-1, France, 1941 , Fighter Bomber 



North American P 51 D Mustang, USA, 1941 , Fighter 


The Mustang was designed as a long range fighter, that should match german fighters. The result was an extraordinary fighter, fast, agile and quite easy to fly. 15576 were build and some were on active duty up to the 60ies.


North American T 6 / AT-16 Texan / Harvard, USA, 1941 , Trainer, light ground attack plane 



Petljakov Pe 8, Russia, 1941 , Combat aircraft 



Arado Ar 240, Germany, 1942 , Destroyer and reconnaissance 



Arado Ar 440, Germany, 1942 , Long range destroyer 



Blackburn B 37 Firebrand, United Kingdom, 1942 , Carrier based fighter bomber 


The Firebrand was build upon request of the RN. First it had the Napier Sabre engine, but it had to be changes to Centaurus because of the Sabres being used in Typhoons. 68 were build.


Douglas A 26 C Invader, USA, 1942 , Heavy fighter/bomber 



Focke Wulf FW 190 D, Germany, 1942 , Fighter-bomber 



K+W C 3603, Switzerland, 1942 , Recconnaissance, Ground Attack Aircraft 



Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse, Germany, 1942 , Heavy fighter 



Northrop P 61 Black Widow, USA, 1942 , Heavy Nightfighter 



Reggiane Re 2002 Ariete, Italy, 1942 , Fighter bomber 



Arado Ar 396, Germany, 1943 , light fighter, advanced trainer 



Bell P 39 Q Airacobra, USA, 1943 , Fighter / Fighter Bomber 


The Aeracobra had it's engine situated behind the pilot in order to increase agility. 8581 of various series were build. A lot were lend-leased to the soviet union (P39Q fighter bombers)


Bristol Type 164 Brigand B Mk. 1, United Kingdom, 1943 , Light Bomber 


The Brigand was originally designed to follow the Beaufighter but was then finished and saw service as a light bomber. Some of them were used in a trai- ner role as well.


Bristol Type 163 Buckingham, United Kingdom, 1943 , Tactical bomber, Courier transport 



Douglas BTD Destroyer, USA, 1943 , Torpedo- and dive bomber 



Gloster G. 41 Meteor F.I, United Kingdom, 1943 , Jet-driven fighter 


The Meteor was the first and only british jet fighter to become operational during the war. It saw action against incoming V1 flying bombs.


Iljushin Il 10 Shturmovik, Russia, 1943 , Ground attack aircraft 



Arado Ar 234 B Blitz, Germany, 1944 , Jet bomber 


The Arado 234 was the first jet driven bomber to be built in numbers. Versions for tactical reconnaissance and bombers with 4 jet engines were build.


CASA 2.111, Spain, 1944 , Medium Bomber 


The He 111 was the german standard bomber during WWII. The design was originally a fast airliner, so its speed was very high at the beginning of the war. Later allied fighters were faster and armed heavier, so the He 111 couldn't resist any more.


De Havilland DH 103 Sea Hornet, United Kingdom, 1944 , Long range fighter bomber 



Dornier / Morane Saulnier D 3802, France, 1944 , Fighter bomber 


Developed from the Morane Saulnier MS540, but with the larger Saurer YS-2 engine. Just 12 were build for evaluation, then the decision was made to buy jet aircraft (DH100).


Dornier Do 317, Germany, 1944 , Bomber 



Douglas A 1 J Skyraider, USA, 1944 , Carrier based ground attack aircraft 


The Skyraider was designed during WWII, but was too late to see action. It remained the last and one of the most successful ground attack planes, which could compete with the jet driven bombers of its days. The SPAD was able to get a higher bombload more accurate into the target than any jet. of that time


Grumman F 8 F Bearcat, USA, 1944 , Carrier based fighter 



Hawker Tempest Mk V, United Kingdom, 1944 , Fighter bomber 



Junkers Ju 288, Germany, 1944 , Bomber 



Junkers Ju 388 L, Germany, 1944 , Photo-Reconnaissance ; Variants: K-Bomber J-Allweather fighter 



Lockheed P 80 A Shooting Star, USA, 1944 , Fighter bomber and tactical reconnaissance aircraft 



Martin AM1 Mauler, USA, 1944 , Carrier based attack aircraft 



Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, Japan, 1944 , Manned flying bomb 


The Ohka was a dedicated weapon for Kamikaze attacks. Modified bombers brought them within target range, 50mi/24000ft. Then the pilot began the rocket-driven attack. Because of the high speed an low maneuver- ability, targeted ships were hard to hit, so the Ohka attacks did cause onlay few damages.



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european aviation history on the Internet
Thomas Wilberg ©

TW/01/04/06 09:55:15